Judeophobic Antisemitism among British Voters, 2016-2020
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Continuum, 2012); David Hirsh, Contemporary Left Antisemitism (Abingdon: Routledge, 2017); Robert Fine and
Philip Spencer, Antisemitism and the Left: On the Return of the Jewish Question (Manchester: Manchester University
Press, 2017); Dave Rich, The Left’s Jewish Problem: Jeremy Corbyn, Israel, and Anti-Semitism, 2nd ed. (London:
Biteback, 2018); Alan Johnson, Institutionally Antisemitic: Contemporary Left Antisemitism and the Crisis in the
British Labour Party (London: Fathom, 2019).
W. Frindte, S. Wettig, and D. Wammetsberger, “Old and New Anti-Semitic Attitudes in the Context of Authoritarianism
and Social Dominance Orientation: Two Studies in Germany,” Peace Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology 11, no.
(2005): 239–266; E. H. Kaplan and C. A. Small, “Anti-Israel Sentiment Predicts Anti-Semitism in Europe,” Journal
of Conflict Resolution 50, no. 4 (2006): 548–561; F. Cohen et al., “Modern Anti-Semitism and Anti-Israeli Attitudes,”
Journal of Personal and Social Psychology 97, no. 2 (2009): 290–306; L. D. Staetsky, Antisemitism in Contemporary
Great Britain: A Study of Attitudes towards Jews and Israel (London: Institute for Jewish Policy Research, September
, 2017); Daniel Allington, The Politics of Antisemitism: Analysis of Survey Findings (London: Campaign Against
Antisemitism, November 30, 2019).
Skwawkbox, “Exclusive: Proof Labour Antisemitism has Gone DOWN under Corbyn,” Skwawkbox, March 29 2018,
corbyn/; Tom D. Rogers, “YouGov Polls Show Anti-Semitism in Labour has Actually REDUCED DRAMATICALLY since
Jeremy Corbyn Became Leader,” Evolve Politics, March 29 , 2018, https://evolvepolitics.com/yougov-polls-show-anti-
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CAA, Antisemitism Barometer 2017 (London: Campaign Against Antisemitism, 2017), 8–11.
The 2019 survey was commissioned by the author of this study, with funding from Campaign Against Antisemitism.
The 2015–2018 and 2020 surveys were directly commissioned by Campaign Against Antisemitism.
Daniel Allington and David Hirsh, “The AzAs (Antizionist Antisemitism) Scale: Measuring Antisemitism as Expressed
in Relation to Israel and Its Supporters,” Journal of Contemporary Antisemitism 2, no. 2 (2019): 43–51.
Allington, The Politics of Antisemitism, 13.
Where confidence intervals do not overlap, differences are statistically significant at p < 0.05. However, overlapping
confidence intervals may still represent significant differences, especially where there is a trend.
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